Moulage is originally a French word for moulding but in modern times has become synonymous with the application of simulated illnesses or wounds on a manikin in order to better train healthcare professionals.  In medical simulation, moulage, wardrobe and props are utilized with manikins in-order to provide assessment clues to healthcare students and professionals.  This process of using moulage began around the 19th century when instructors took moulds of real-life cases to help demonstrate illnesses or wounds to future medical students.  EMS, fire fighters, the military and other first responders primarily utilizes trauma moulage while nurses, physicians, surgeons and other primary care providers primarily utilize medical moulage.

Today, moulage kits can be purchased or built to increase the efficiency of moulage application.  Moulage kits are like tool-kits healthcare simulation technology specialists and other healthcare educators use to hold moulding equipment, moulage recipes, makeup applicators, as well as adhesive and other cleaning supplies.  If you are planning on taking the craft seriously, you will definitely want to purchase and build a moulage kit.

While almost every simulated patient case dealing with trauma requires moulage, medically simulated representations of internal illnesses do not always require the use of makeup.  Yet simple moulage techniques such as the application of water to demonstrate sweating due to fever, or the use of blue watercolors on the manikin’s skin to cue hypotension can be used for even the most mild of infections.  Complicated moulage techniques such as trauma moulage usually require a great deal of preparation.

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To make things easier, moulage recipes are used by the healthcare simulation community to share moulage techniques for commonly seen illnesses, infections or traumatic injuries.  If you are interested in a moulage recipe book, read the review of my favorite moulage recipe book by Bobbie Merica called Medical Moulage: How to Make Your Simulations Come Alive.

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