June 24, 2013By Lance Baily

National Patient Safety Foundation Publishes Article on Improving Results From Simulation-Based Instruction

Timothy Clapper, PhD and Laerdal Sponsored Keynote Speaker for the August 2013 Gathering of Healthcare Simulation Technology Specialists recently published an article entitled “Saturation in Training” through the National Patient Safety Foundation which “discusses how those involved in patient safety and, specifically, in simulation-based instruction, can improve upon their methods and results”This article is free to ASPPS members.

Earlier this year, patient safety leader and advocate Bob Wachter wrote a post on his health care blog,Wachter’s World, that caused many of us in the patient safety community to take notice of our progress and shortcomings for making patient care much safer. Asking “Is the Patient Safety Movement in Danger of Flickering Out?” he noted that the health care industry has seen lower infection rates, fewer falls, fewer medication errors, fewer readmissions, better-trained clinicians, and even better systems. Since the initial 1999 IOM report, To Err is Human (Kohn, et al. 2000), and Wachter’s follow-up report (Wachter 2004), modest improvements have been made, although they have been difficult to measure “because of our rudimentary measurement capacity in safety” (Wachter 2010).

Regardless of modest improvements, more needs to be done, and Wachter’s (2004; 2010) reports are now a renewed call for action and a move away from the often sporadic and incomplete manner in which we are preparing our health care teams. This article will discuss how those involved in patient safety and, specifically, in simulation-based instruction, can improve upon their methods and results. Read the rest of the article introduction on ResearchGate.


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More about Timothy Clapper, PhD

Timothy Clapper, PhD, is an Education and Simulation Consultant. Following a 20-year career in the US Army, Dr. Clapper taught leadership and academic success courses in both affluent and socioeconomically disadvantaged inner-city high schools. As an Education Consultant, he assisted thousands of teachers with integrating technology and differentiating instruction to the needs of their learners. As Director of Education at the Institute of Medical Simulation and Advanced Learning (iMSAL) in New York City, and Assistant Dean for Simulation and Technology at the University of Texas-Arlington, he developed and facilitated simulation-based instruction for thousands of physicians and nurses.

As a Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety (TeamSTEPPS™) Master Trainer, he has improved the teamwork skills and clinical practice of interprofessional teams at numerous healthcare facilities. In addition, Health and Hospitals Corporation, the largest public hospital system in the U.S. with oversight of the 11 public hospitals in New York City, saw a significant reduction in clinical errors following his team-based and skill-based courses.

The team-based courses that he developed for clinical teams were recognized by the Joint Commission as “best practices.” Using his unique brand of Brain-Based Learning (BBL), Dr. Clapper trained hundreds of clinical educators with moving off the teacher-centered platform to become better simulation debriefers and facilitators of learning. Dr. Clapper has authored more than 25 academic publications in advanced learning theory, retention and transfer of learning, clinical simulation, and improvement in clinical practice and teamwork.


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